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中国科学报:朗兰兹纲领:一项伟大的数学工程
2020-08-21 | 编辑:

  zuozhe:hanyangmei laiyuan: zhongguokexuebao fabushijian:2020/8/21

  ◎kailanyu

  zi2014nian“lvxianxingdong”jihuashishiyilai,zhongguokexueyuanrenzhenguancheluoshixijinpingzongshujitichude“sangemianxiang”“sigelvxian”yaoqiu,bashishi“lvxianxingdong”jihuazuoweizhongdazhengzhirenwuhezhongdakejirenwu,zaikejichuangxinfazhan、guojiachuangxinrencaigaodijianshe、gaoshuipingkejizhikujianshe、yiliukeyanjigoujianshedengfangmianqudelezhongdajinzhanhetuchuchengxiao,quanmianwanchengle“lvxianxingdong”jihuadiyijieduanmubiaorenwu,zaiwoguochuangxinxingguojiahekejiqiangguojianshezhongqidaoleyinlingdaidongzuoyong,wei2030nianquanmianshixian“sigelvxian”mubiaodaxialejianshidejichu。

  benbaojinqikaishe“‘lvxianxingdong’jihua”zhuanlan,weiraomianxiangshijiekejiqianyan、mianxiangguojiazhongdaxuqiu、mianxiangguominjingjizhuzhanchangsuoqudedeyipizhongdakejichengguohebiaozhixingjinzhan,zhanxianjijitansuo、yongyudandangdezhongkeyuanliliang,weishenrushishidierjieduan“lvxianxingdong”jihuajiyinlingkejiqiangguojianshetigongjiejian。

  tiji21shijizuizhongdadeshuxuewenti,langlanziganglingbidingbangshangyouming。tayishidangjinjichushuxuezhongfeichanghuoyuedeyanjiufangxiang,guojishangjihusuoyoushuxueyanjiujigouhedingjiandaxuedeshuxuexidouyourenzaiyanjiu。

  zishangshijimoyilai,langlanziganglingyanjiuzaizhongguokexueyuanshuxueyuxitongkexueyanjiuyuan(yixiajianchengshuxueyuan)zhubufazhanqilai。jinnianlai,zaizhongguokexueyuan“lvxianxingdong”jihuadezhichixia,shuxueyuanyijingyongyouyizhinianfuliqiangdelanglanziganglingyanjiutuandui,bingzailanglanziganglingjixiangguanzhongdawentiyanjiuzhongqudezhongyaotupo。

  不拘一格 组建最强战队

  1967nian,nianjin30suidejianadashuxuejialuobote·langlanzizaijimeiguoshuxuejiaandelie·weiyideyifengxinzhong,tichuleyizuyiyishenyuandecaixiang。zheixiecaixiangzhichulesangexiangduidulifazhanqilaideshuxuefenzhi:shulun、daishujihehequnbiaoshilun,shijishangtamenshimiqiexiangguande。

  zheixiecaixiangxianzaibeichengweilanglanzihufancaixiang,erhouyanbianchenglanglanzigangling,beichengweishuxuejiede“datongyililun”,zaiguoqujishinianliduishuxuedefazhanchanshenglejidayingxiang。

  yanjiulanglanzigangling,xuyaoyizhijianjushulun、daishuqun、liqunbiaoshilunhedaishujihezhuanzhangdeyanjiutuandui。zuoweidingjiandeguolishuxueyanjiujigou,shuxueyuanfazhanchulezheiyangyizhixiangyuquanqiudenianqingduiwu。

  tuanduichengyuansunbinyongyu2019niandangxuanzhongguokexueyuanyuanshi。tayuhezuozhejiejueledianxingqunzhongshuyicaixiang,yijidianxingqunthetaduiyinglilunzhonglianggezuijibenwenti:shouhenglvcaixiangheduioucaixiang,houyouyizijiboshilunwenlidejieguoweijichuzhengminglekazhdan-mazurfeilingjiashe。

  tadeyanjiuchengguobeiguojitongxingchengwei“sundetupo”“shiguanyulhanshuteshuzhiyanjiulingyugengjiayinrenzhumu”;beimeiguo《shuxuepinglun》pingjiawei“gailingyuzuigenbendedinglizhiyi”。

  raner,sunbinyongzai2005nianjiarushuxueyuanshijinyouyipianboshibiyelunwen,qieshangweifabiao,zhishitadexueshuqianlidedaoleduoweidingjianshuxuejiaderenke。tahuiyishibiaoshi,shirenshuxueyanjiusuosuozhangzhouxiangyuyuanshiyuejiantashi,zhishiliaoleliaoweilaiqianjinghetadeyanjiuxingqu,bingmeiyouhenzhengshidemianshi。

  weiyinjinzuiyouxiudenianqingren,shuxueyuanhaichongfenfahuiguoneiwaidingjishuxuejiayinjianzuoyong。2016nianchu,31suidewanxinzhengkaolvhuiguo,pulinsidundaxuejiaoshou、zhuminghuarenshuxuejiazhangshouwuyizhimiqieguanzhuzhewanxindeyanjiu,bingxiangtatuijianleshuxueyuan。tongshi,zhangshouwuyexiangyangle、qiuchengtongliangweishuxuejiaxiexintuijianzheiweinianqingren。

  suihou,shuxueyuanlikezuzhizhuanjiaduofangweipingguwanxindekeyanqianli。yangleheqiuchengtonghaiyuyuanlingdaofanfutaolunweiwanxinzhengqugengshiyidekeyanhuanjing,jinkenengjiejueqihouguzhiyou。henkuai,wanxinjiedaoleshuxueyuanpaolaide“ganlanzhi”,tajiarubingchengweileshuxueyuanlanglanziganglingyanjiutuanduideguganchengyuan。

  zaishuxueyuan,wanxindechuangzaolibeichixujifa。tazhengminglegengweiyibandefeizhengguiqingxingxiazhiwei0yu1shidebsdgongshi,beifaguoxuezhechengweishizheiyizhongdashuxuewentifazhanlichengzhongde“huangguanxingchengguo”。

  tongguozheizhongfangshi,langlanziganglingtuanduihaiyinjinlezhengweizhe、tianyichao、shenxu、huyongquandengjiechuqingnianrencai。tamenzaigefangxiangshangdouqudeleweiguojitongxingsuorenkedezhongyaochengguo,tuanduibeichengweiguojishangtonglingyuzuiqiangdeqingnianyanjiuzuzhiyi。

  “纯粹”环境 营造最佳氛围

  “youliangdechuantong、kuansongziyoudekeyanhuanjing、nonghoudexueshufenwei、yiliudetuandui。”tuanduiqingnianyanjiuyuanshenxugaosu《zhongguokexuebao》,zheishitaguoquzaishuxueyuanjiaoliufangwenshidezhenqieganshou,yeshihuiguohouxuanzeshuxueyuandezhongyaoyuanyin。

  shenxuboshibiyeyubalidishiyidaxue,2015nianjiarushuxueyuankaizhanguanyulanglanziduiyingjiheshixiandeyanjiu。zaishuxueyuan5nian,tadangchudeganshoubingweifashenggaibian,qie“shouyifeiqian”。“shuxueyuansheyouhualuogengshuxuezhongdianshiyanshi、chenxingshuxuezhongxindeng,yuhaineiwailanglanziganglingyanjiudedingjiandaxueheyanjiujigouyoumiqiehezuohejiaoliu,weiwomentuanduiyanjiutigongleyoulizhichi。”shenxushuo。

  jinnianlai,weiraolanglanziganglingzhongjiheshixiandehexinwenti,shenxuzhengminglemouxiezhicuncudezhengtihejubukottwitzcaixiang;gouzaoleabeierleixingperfectoidzhicuncuherapoport-zinkkongjian。jinqi,tayuhezuozhezhengmingleguanyup—jinzhouqiquyujiegoudefargues-rapoportcaixiang;jichulezhicuncumopjihezhongzhongyaodeekorfencengdegouzao。zheixieyanjiuyinqileguojitongxingdeguangfanguanzhuherenke。

  langlanziganglingshuyuchunshuxuejichuyanjiu,gengduoyilaiyushuxuejiadeziyoutansuohechongfenfahuigerenchuangzaoli。yizhiyilai,shuxueyuanzhiliyutansuobingchubuxingchengleshiheshuxuejiakeyandehuanjing,yijirencaipeiyangyuhezuojiaoliutizhijizhi。

  biru,zhangqiwendingzhichituanduichengyuanqianxinyanjiu,bujichengyuanlunwenshuliang、jingfeishenqingdeyali,jianlikuansong、ziyou、jinqudexueshufenweiyupingjiatixideng。

  zaiwanxinkanlai,zheilidexueshuhuanjinghefenweiyuyongyou9weifeierzijianghuodezhedefaguoguojiakexueyanjiuzhongxin“henxiang”。

  tagaosu《zhongguokexuebao》,kaoheshibushulunwenshu,yebudanchunkanyinyonglv,xueshuweiyuanhuizhuyaokankeyanrenyuanyanjiufangxiangdexueshuyiyihefazhanqianjing,guojitongxingdeyijianchengweikaoheshizhongyaodecankaoyiju。“meiniannianzhong,womenzhixuxieyigebaogao,shuomingzuoleshenmeyanjiu、zuochuleshenmejieguo、jiejueleshenmewentideng,youguoneiwaitongxingjinxingpinggu,youxiezhengzaizuodanshangweigongkaifabiaodegongzuoyekeyixiejinqu。”wanxinshuo。

  gengzaojiarutuanduideyanjiuyuantianyeyeyouzheshenqieganshou。tagaosu《zhongguokexuebao》:“shuxueyuanyoulianghaodekeyanpingjiatixi、kexuedehouqinbaozhangguanli,duikeyanrenyuanshaoganraoshenzhibuganrao。womenkeyiqianxinyanjiuzijixihaodefangxianghewenti,tongshiyeyouhenduojihuiyushijiedingjianqianyanxuezhejinxingxueshujiaoliu。”

  2012nian,tianyezaiyouyoujiulishidetongyushuwentishangqudetupoxingdegongzuo,dangshibeiguojitongxingpingjiawei“zhongguojichenjingrunzhihouzuihaodegongzuo”。

  jinqi,tayuhezuozhechenggongdijianlileyoulishuyushangdaifuchengtuoyuanquxiandefandingli,zheishibsdcaixiangshangdezhongyaogongzuo。

  学术交流 激发灵感闪现

  dangqian,chuncuishuxuedefazhanchengxianchugefenzhixuekezhijianxianghujiaochayurongheshentoudequshihetedian,langlanziganglingyishiruci,gaoshuipingdehezuojiaoliugengyouliyuqudezhongdatupo。

  yifangmianshituanduineibudetaolunjiaoliu。shenxujide,tayuhezuozhezaijiexifargues-rapoportcaixiangshi,cengyudaoguanyuyuehuaqunjiegoulilundemouxienandian,yanjiucengyidutingzhibuqian,houyutuanduichengyuanjiaoliutaolun,qifalesilu,tuidonglewentidejiejue。

  wanxinyeshenyouganchu,tuanduidemeiweichengyuangeyousuozhang,zhaosunbinyongtaolunbiaoshilun,zhaozhengweizhe、shenxujiaoliusuanshudaishujihedeng,zheixie“pengzhuang”dourangtahuoyiliangduo。

  lingyifangmianshigaoshuizhundeguojijiaoliuhezuo。shuxueyuandaligulituanduichengyuantongguochufang、zuzhihuocanyuguojihuiyi,yijinianduquntihuodongjinxinghezuojiaoliu,kaikuoshiye、kuodayanjie。meiyoushijianhedidiandexianzhi,zhiyao“youxuyao”jiuzuzhi。

  zaizheixieguochengzhong,tamenyuguojilanglanziganglinglingyuzhongzuizhimingdeshuxuejiayouzhesixiangyulinggandepengzhuang。

  “zaigouzaozhicuncumopjihezhongdeekorfencengshi,womenyikaishizhiyoujubulilun,zailijiezhengtigouzaoshiyudaoguanjianxingxinwenti、xinkunnan。houlaizaideguocanjiagailingyuneideguojihuiyishi,yuzhuxinwen、pappasdejiaotanjifalexindexiangfa,zuizhongwanquanjiejuelegaiwenti。”shenxushuo。

  zaizhongguokexueyuanyuanshi、shuxueyuanyuanzhangxinanhuakanlai,“zheizhongxianghuyingxiang(chanshengdejieguo)jinguanbijiaoyinmi,danshifenzhongyao”。

  “langlanzigangling,shiyixiangweidadeshuxuegongcheng。”sunbinyongshuo。

  zaituanduichengyuankanlai,shuxueyuanzuoweizhongguoshuxuezuigaoxueshuhejiaoyudiantang,youzerenyeyounenglichongjizuizhongdadeshuxuewenti。mianduilanglanziganglingzhongcunzaidezhuduoshangdaijiejuedeguanjianwenti,shuxueyuantongguozhangqiwendingdezhichi,yingzaolianghaodexueshufenwei,rangkeyanrenyuanbaochichuangzaoli,jixuchanchugaoshuipingchengguo。

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